The Act extends to whole of Indian territories. These short solved questions or quizzes are provided by Gkseries. The Employees’ State Insurance Act, 1948 (Act no. Act may be called the Employees' State Insurance Act, 1948. The Central Government has empowered to enforce different provisions of the Act in different states or part thereof on different dates. This is a social welfare legislation for the workers across India. The Employees State Insurance Act,1948 is a great landmark in the history of social security legislation in India. Employee State Insurance Act 1948 Multiple Choice Questions and Answers for competitive exams. (2) It extends to the whole of India 2***. The Employees' State Insurance Act, provides for certain benefits to employees in case of sickness, maternity and employment injury. State Insurance under The Employee's State Insurance Act,1948. Employee State Insurance Corporation covers a wide range of benefits to the employees and employers in accordance with the Employees’ State Insurance Act, 1948. These short objective type questions with answers are very important for Board exams as well as competitive exams. The Employee State Insurance act was promulgated by the Parliament of India in the year 1948. (1) The Corporation may appoint such persons as 115 [Social Security Officers], as it thinks fit, for the purposes of this Act, within such local limits as it may assign to them. The Employees’ State Insurance Act is applicable to the whole of India. The Act extends to the whole of India. The act of 1948 was amended by the amendment acts of 1966,1975,1984,1989,and1997. Employees State Insurance Act, 1948 | Employee's State Insurance Corporation, Ministry of Labour & Employment, Government of India The Employees State Insurance Act 1948 or ESI Act 1948 was enacted by the Parliament of India in 1948. Its object is to protect the interest of workers and their families, who are exposed to the risks of sickness, employment injury, occupational diseases and Maternity in case of female employees. Workers earning less than 15,000/Month are covered under the act. To begin with, the ESI scheme was initially launched on 2 nd February 1952 at just two industrial centers in the country namely Kanpur and Delhi with total coverage of about 1.20 lakh workers. The promulgation of Employees’ State Insurance Act, 1948 envisaged an integrated need based social insurance scheme that would protect the interest of workers in contingencies such as sickness, maternity, temporary or permanent physical disablement, and death due to employment injury resulting in loss of wages or earning capacity. Though enacted in 1948, this act went live from 2nd February 1952 firstly for two industrial centres of India such as Delhi & Kanpur. 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