(4) Omniscience belongs to the Holy Spirit (1 Cor 2:10-11), and (5) omnipotence, as illustrated in His work of creation (Gen 1:2). The nature of the attributes are such that they could not all be communicated to a creature. [Author’s note: This article is the first of a series on the Doctrine of the Holy Spirit. It may be admitted that typology is not conclusive evidence, that doctrine must not be built upon it, but this does not destroy its rich illustration of truth, nor the fact that the Scriptures themselves interpret types and use important words with evident design. An extensive argument for the deity of the Holy Spirit is found in His works, the extended study of which will be the subject of later discussion. Twice in the New Testament the Holy Spirit is connected indirectly with wind (John 3:8; Acts 2:2). 4. A collection of verses showing the identity, ministry, and personhood of the Holy Spirit, organized by category: The Holy Spirit mentioned on equal level with God. Scripture writers often describe the Holy Spirit through manifestations and emblems like fire and the wind, but we must be careful not to let those images obscure our view of Him. The eternity of the Spirit (7) is evidenced also in Scripture (Heb 9:14). God is a mysterious reality. In reference to the Spirit, then, water speaks of eternal life, of cleansing by washing, of the unlimited abundance of blessing, and spiritual refreshment. As an illustration, three of His works may be brought forward as being distinctively in the realm of divine operation. (2) The work of the Holy Spirit in regeneration (John 3:6) likewise is clearly in the realm of a work of God. 19 Emblems of the Holy Spirit, pp. In the New Testament, the references to the Holy Spirit are even more numerous. For the sake of analysis, however, His Person will be considered first, with reference to His work only where necessary, leaving to later discussion the aspects of His work throughout the ages. The doctrine of procession has to do with the being and eternity of the Holy Spirit in His relation to the Father and the Son. The Work of the Holy Spirit in Salvation, 8. Galatians 1:12 - For I neither received it of man, neither was I taught [it], but by the revelation of … Both titles refer to the same entity. He states that the first visit of the dove is significant of the visit of the Holy Spirit during the patriarchal and prophetic ages, vainly seeking a godly seed (Mal 2:15). On the human level, possession of life is taken as proof of possession of personality, one without the other being impossible. (1) The Holy Spirit is revealed as possessing life (Rom 8:2). Though Christ may be said to have proceeded from the Father, it cannot be said of the Spirit that He is generated. The terms cannot be reversed. An examination of the Scriptural revelation on the Holy Spirit will indicate that He is nowhere given a formal name, such as we have for the Second Person, the Lord Jesus Christ, but is rather given descriptive titles, of which the most common in Scripture and in common usage is the Holy Spirit. What does the Bible say to the church, and to the individual Christian, about the role of politics in the church? Receiving the Holy Spirit – Bible verses about the baptism of the Holy Spirit “I indeed baptize you with water unto repentance, but He who is coming after me is mightier than I, whose sandals I am not worthy to carry. The basic words in the original are also used in reference to entities other than the Holy Spirit. (1) The Spirit of Adoption (Rom 8:15) has reference to His revelation of our adoption as sons. Talking and praying is the same thing isn’t it. Rather than describing the Holy Spirit as a distinct person or entity, the Bible most often refers to it as and connects it with God's divine power (Zechariah 4:6 Zechariah 4:6 Then he answered and spoke to me, saying, This is the word of the LORD to Zerubbabel, saying, Not by might, nor by power, but by my spirit, said the LORD of hosts. Thayer defines it, “Money which in purchases is given as a pledge that the full amount will subsequently be paid.”21 The Holy Spirit Himself rather than His gifts is the Earnest. Men may influence, but only God can sanctify. The essential of mind or intelligence is further confirmed by His works. Many of the titles referred to as indicating His attributes also connote His works. The use of the masculine form, ἐκεῖνος, makes the personality of the Holy Spirit clearly the intent of the passage. In Luke 24:49, Christ told His disciples to tarry in Jerusalem until “ye be endued with power from on high.” The word translated endued is ἐνδύσησθε, which literally means, to clothe. No human mind can improve on these distinctions, even if it be admitted that the terms are inadequate to comprehend all the truth which they represent. fire, Matt 3:12). From the various uses of oil in the Bible, we may conclude that oil bespeaks of holiness, sanctification, revelation, illumination, dedication, and healing. All the future blessings of God are assured by the presence of the Holy Spirit. Of importance here is the relation of this doctrine to the deity of the Holy Spirit. Personality, which is an attribute of His Person, is demonstrated by the actions of the Person. A mere influence or emanation does not possess the attributes of life, even if it should proceed from God. While there is some distinction in meaning in the various titles, the chief significance is to bring out the relationship of the Holy Spirit as the Third Person of the Trinity, all affirming His deity and procession. The work of the Holy Spirit in creation and all subsequent operations involves the procession of the Spirit. The Nicene Creed, for instance, states: “And I believe in the Holy Ghost, the Lord and giver of life, who proceedeth from the Father and the Son, who with the Father and Son together, is worshipped and glorified.”9 The Athanasian Creed speaks of it more briefly, “The Holy Ghost is of the Father and of the Son, neither made, nor created, nor begotten, but proceeding.”10 In more recent times, the Articles of the English Church state the doctrine: “The Holy Ghost, proceeding from the Father and the Son, is of one substance, majesty, and glory, with the Father and the Son, very and eternal God.”11 The Westminster Confession of Faith has a similar statement: “In the unity of the Godhead there be three persons of one substance, power, and eternity; God the Father, God the Son, and God the Holy Ghost. According to Young’s Concordance, there are one hundred and seventy-five references to oil in the Old Testament and a dozen instances in the New Testament, the most notable being Matthew 25:3-8; Hebrews 1:9; James 5:14. The instances of reference to oil in the Old Testament outnumber those to the Holy Spirit. The Work of the Holy Spirit in the Old Testament; 3. It is used of judgment on the lost more frequently than in reference to the saved, as in Acts 2:3. The plan of consideration directs attention to the Person of the Holy Spirit to the exclusion of His work. The references in the Old Testament are manifold in that the very word for Spirit is variously translated wind, breath, air, blast, etc., as well as spirit. This has been the position of the orthodox body of Christians from the beginning. The abundant creedal evidence while not possessing the infallible inspiration of the Bible may be taken as conclusive proof that the large portion of evangelical Christendom accepts without question this doctrine. Typology in relation to the doctrine of the Holy Spirit is not of great importance, but the eight major types of the Spirit discussed here will add their revelation to other fields of investigation. 23 Cf. John F. Walvoord, long-time president of Dallas Theological Seminary, was one of the most prominent evangelical scholars of his generation. Of what is the Spirit the Earnest? He will baptize you with the Holy Spirit and fire.’” Matthew 3:11. Two approaches are possible for the doctrine of the attributes of the Spirit. Another instance of identification of Jehovah and the Holy Spirit is found in Jeremiah 31:31-34 and Hebrews 10:15. In the Old Testament, however, רוח is used over one hundred times for the Holy Spirit. F. E. Marsh illustrates it in this manner: ”‘All things are ours,’ not as to actual or full enjoyment, but as to possession or security; just as a child who is heir to property left to him, and is allowed a certain part of it until he becomes of age, when he may enter into and enjoy the whole, is assured the property is none the less his, although he has not come into full possession.”22. The matter of interpretation enters into the problem. The attributes of the Holy Spirit demand His personality. While the statements vary, the fact of the procession is clearly stated in all as being eternal and distinguished from generation. Of the many titles and variations in reference to the Holy Spirit, sixteen reveal His relationship to the other Persons of the Trinity. 229-241. A seal by its nature indicates (1) security, (2) safety, (3) ownership, (4) authority. John 16:13 - Howbeit when he, the Spirit of truth, is come, he will guide you into all truth: for he … While the variations in the views of doctrine on the Person of the Holy Spirit have been many, the great body of orthodox and conservative theology has held to the personality of the Spirit, the proofs of which may be here considered. The Work of the Holy Spirit in the Believer. I mean when I don’t understand anything when reading the bible I normally would say Holy Spirit I really don’t understand this can you enlighten me … Hebrews 4:12 Word of God strength thoughts The Spirit of Holiness (Rom 1:14), the Holy Spirit (Matt 1:20), and the Holy One (1 John 2:20) is our sanctifier. From the explicit revelation of the attributes of the Holy Spirit, it may be concluded that His deity is given further evidence against which no argument could stand. It is customary when speaking of persons to use the personal pronouns, I, thou, he, they. The Bible provides many ways to help us understand that the Holy Spirit is truly a person—that is, He is a personal being, rather than an impersonal thing. If it can be proved that the Holy Spirit proceeded eternally from the Father and the Son, it is evident that the Holy Spirit is of the Essence of God and is God. Happy New Year: Past, Present, and Future Perspectives, 2. Three titles affirm the holiness of the Spirit: (7) Spirit of Holiness (Rom 1:4), a possible reference to the holy human spirit of Christ; (8) Holy Spirit or Holy Ghost (Ps 51:11; Matt 1:20; Luke 11:13), the most formal title of the Spirit and most frequently used; (9) Holy One (1 John 2:20). Eleven titles are found relating the Holy Spirit to the Father: (1) Spirit of God (Gen 1:2; Matt 3:16); (2) Spirit of the Lord (Luke 4:18); (3) Spirit of Our God (1 Cor 6:11); (4) His Spirit (Num 11:29); (5) Spirit of Jehovah (Judg 3:10); (6) Thy Spirit (Ps 139:7); (7) Spirit of the Lord God (Isa 61:1); (8) Spirit of your Father (Matt 10:20); (9) Spirit of the living God (2 Cor 3:3); (10) My Spirit (Gen 6:3); (11) Spirit of Him (Rom 8:11). It is the only case in the New Testament where it is so used. Accordingly, it is of great significance that this title is given the Holy Spirit. The Holy Spirit in Relation to the Unsaved World, 6. 4. The early creeds of the Christian church gave attention to the proper statement of it. Locate examples of ‘holy spirit’ in Bible verses. Abundant revelation is given in the titles of the Holy Spirit to disclose His attributes. On the part of the Holy Spirit, the eternal procession of the Spirit issued in the ministry which ensued. The Work of the Holy Spirit in the Believer, 10. The identification of God and the Holy Spirit is further illustrated by the fact that blasphemy against the Holy Spirit is declared by Christ to be unpardonable (Matt 12:31-32). ), in Ezekiel (590 B.C. Q. While it is not the purpose of the present discussion to examine the nature of His works, it is sufficient proof of His personality merely to name them. Hence, we find the Spirit being sent into the world to reveal truth on behalf of Christ (John 16:13-15), with the special mission of making the things of Christ known and magnifying the Father and the Son. Cummings lists eighty-eight references to the Holy Spirit in the Old Testament.13 The American Standard Version of the Bible by means of initial capital letters indicates considerably more than this. In Ezekiel, for instance, it is the action of the Holy Spirit in transporting the prophet bodily to the places where he is needed, which accounts for six of the passages out of fifteen. The other approach, which is taken here, is through the explicit reference of Scripture, revealing certain attributes. First, every pronoun used in reference to the Spirit is “he” not “it.” The original Greek language of the New Testament is explicit in confirming the person of the Holy Spirit. All spiritual references to water do not necessarily refer to the Spirit directly. Theologians have borrowed the Scriptural distinctions as to the eternal relation of the Second and Third Persons to the First Person. The field of typology is rich, and has been unfortunately ignored by theologians. Once such thing – Person, is the Holy Spirit.There are some amazing titles of the Holy Spirit. 1. It has few opponents even in the chaotic period of theology; and in modern times has been denied by none but Socinians, Arians, and Sabellians.”4. Fact: The King James version of the Bible includes at 1 John 5: 7, 8 the words “in heaven, the Father, the Word, and the Holy Ghost: and these three are one. In connection with the sovereign bestowal of spiritual gifts on men, the Spirit is said to accomplish this “as he will” (1 Cor 12:11). ”a helper, succorer, aider, assistant; so of the Holy Spirit destined to take the place of Christ with the apostles.”18 It is found frequently in the New Testament (John 14:16, 26; 15:26; 16:7). They seem to bear no special relation to chronology, as they appear chiefly in Isaiah (750 B.C. And there are three that bear witness in earth.” Bible Question: What are the signs that a person is filled with the Holy Spirit? The New Testament word for the Spirit, πνεῦμα, is found in two hundred and sixty-two passages, according to Cummings, scattered throughout all the major New Testament books.16 To quote Cummings, “The Gospels contain fifty-six passages; the Acts of the Apostles, fifty-seven; St. Paul’s Epistles, one hundred and thirteen; and the other books, thirty-six.”17 From these facts, it may be clearly seen that there is consistent reference to the Holy Spirit from Gen 1:2 to Rev 22:17, and the inference is plain that a constant ministry of the Holy Spirit is maintained suitable for each dispensation. Christ seems to be using wind as a type of the Spirit, even though the word spirit is used. The use of personal pronouns in relation to the Holy Spirit in Scripture is sufficiently frequent to justify a conclusion that He is a person. John 3:8 uses the word for spirit to represent wind instead of the more common word (πνεῦμα for ἀνεμος). I, p. 630. (1) The unity of the Spirit is revealed in the title, One Spirit (Eph 4:4). Shedd states that though the Socinians deny the personality of the Spirit they affirm the eternity of the Spirit as proceeding from the eternal God: “Socinians deny the distinct personality of the Holy Spirit; they concede eternity, because they regard the Spirit as the influence or effluence of the eternal God.”1 Centuries before, Arius had much the same idea, affirming that the Spirit did not have personality, as Watson indicates, “His personality was wholly denied by the Arians, and he was considered as the exerted energy of God.”2 Arius, however, denied the eternity of the Spirit, making him a creature. An interesting reference is John 3:34, speaking of the Spirit as not being poured out “by measure” on Christ. Five titles are found relating the Holy Spirit to the Son: (1) Spirit of Christ (Rom 8:9; 1 Pet 1:11); (2) Spirit of Jesus Christ (Phil 1:19); (3) Spirit of Jesus (Acts 16:7 Revised Version); (4) Spirit of His Son (Gal 4:6); (5) Spirit of the Lord (Acts 5:9; 8:39). It was used in the anointing of the priests and the consecration of the tabernacle (Lev 8). Another title of the Holy Spirit, which does not involve the name spirit, however, is that of Comforter, from παράκλητος, meaning, according to Thayer, when used in its widest sense. The sum of this revelation is such that it constitutes conclusive evidence for the deity of the Holy Spirit. In this frequently quoted verse, the Persons of the Trinity are displayed in all their equality, and accorded equal honor. This article was taken from the Theological Journal Library CD and posted with permission of Galaxie Software. Expressions like the breath of his lips (Isa 11:4), and the breath of his nostrils (2 Sam 22:16) in reference to God, while anthropomorphisms, connote the power of the Spirit. Accordingly Hodge states, “Since the fourth century his true divinity has never been denied by those who admit his personality.”5 In the fourth century Arius held originally according to Watson6 that the Spirit was created and hence affirmed in part His personality without affirming His deity. The "Holy Spirit" is said to speak ("The Holy Spirit Says") , then quotes an Old Testament verse, is a pattern found throughout the New Testament proving He is a person: This is a function of bearing witness to scripture itself and always involves a person. The identification is not of Person but of Essence. (2) The Holy Spirit possesses life (Rom 8:2) which is an essential of personality. It must be admitted that the study of His Person is never complete without the complement of the revelation of His Person in His works. While the doctrine of procession is more theological than Biblical, it is in harmony with the Scriptures as will be seen later, and an important evidence for the deity of the Holy Spirit. Hence, it is possible to indicate merely the broad outlines of the argument for His deity. As Christ became an obedient Son in doing the Father’s will, so the Holy Spirit in procession became obedient to the Father and the Son. Without denial of the one Essence of the Godhead, the personality of the Holy Spirit must be affirmed and is subject to proof unassailable by any who accept the Scriptures as authoritative. As Charles Hodges states: “He is introduced as a person so often, not merely in poetic or excited discourse, but in simple narrative, and in didactic instructions; and his personality is sustained by so many collateral proofs, that to explain the use of the personal pronouns in relation to Him on the principle of personification, is to do violence to all the rules of interpretation.”3 The Greek of the New Testament is quite explicit in confirming the personality of the Holy Spirit by use of the pronouns. This is just one more piece of Scriptural evidence that the Holy Spirit has all of the divine attributes and abilities of God Himself and as such, has to be God and Lord Himself. In any case, the instances are numerous and well scattered throughout the Old Testament. On the day of Pentecost, in connection with the work of the Spirit on that occasion, “tongues like as of fire” touched each of the believers (Acts 2:3). The question is if the Holy Spirit is a Person why can’t we talk to Him. Blasphemy in its nature is an act against deity. In a different way, Isaiah experienced such a cleansing and preparation in his call to service (Isa 6:6, 7). That it is used typically in reference to the Holy Spirit is clear from John 4:14; 7:38-39. The Greek word which is rendered "spirit" means "breath" and though the Holy Spirit as a Person does not come out distinctly in this early reference to Him in Gen. ii.7, nevertheless, this passage interpreted in the light of the fuller revelation of the New Testament clearly refers to the Holy Spirit. A Lasting Legacy: Choosing A Wife For Isaac (Gen. 24:1-67). From the various uses, and from the nature of wind itself, it may be inferred that as a type of the Spirit, wind indicates His power, His invisibleness, His immaterial nature, and His sovereign purpose. They were to be clothed with power. 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